There are generally two ways someone can be placed under probation supervision, either through a criminal court sentence or family court order.
In Criminal Court- A person must be charged with a crime. The court will order an informational investigation to be completed by probation. See investigations under General Services. If there is a conviction and it is appropriate, a sentence of probation supervision can be issued by the court. If required or appropriate and there is an adjudication as a youthful offender, a disposition ordering probation supervision can be issued. Sometimes Interim Probation can also be used in the criminal court system. That is when a person is found guilty of a crime, but not sentenced yet. That person can be placed on Interim Probation Supervision for 1 to 2 years to see how they will comply with supervision. If they do well, then they can be brought back to court after their interim term for a sentence that is adjusted according to their behavior while supervised. If they do well, it is usually a lesser sentence than it would have originally been. If they do poorly, they can then be sentenced to the maximum or appropriately adjusted term based on their poor behavior.
In Family Court- A respondent must be found to be a Juvenile Delinquent or Person In Need of Supervision in Family Court to be placed under probation supervision. Refer to our JD and PINS section under General Services for more details. A Pre-Dispositional Investigation is typically ordered for case details and sentencing options, and if appropriate, the respondent is ordered to probation with appropriate supervision terms.General Services